How To Cite A Music Score?

How To Cite A Music Score

Notes 1. Author First Name, Author Last Name, Title of score or “Title of score” (as appropriate to title of the work) (Publication location: Publisher, Date of Publication), accessed Date. URL or Resource Title.1. Franz Schubert, “Erlkönig,” Schubert-Album, bd.1. (Leipzig: C.F. Peters, 1970), accessed May 1, 2014,

How do you cite a music score in MLA?

LINER NOTES AND LYRICS: taken from a recording of the song (Beatles 1) Booklet by the Beatles. CD release of The Beatles’ EMI Records album from 1968, page 1 SOUND RECORDING: BASICS See Purdue OW L (number of pages corresponding to the performer’s or composer’s last name) for further details.

Last Name, First Name, Composer is the combination performer and composer of the work. “Piece Title,” the Title of the Collection, the Performer’s First Name and Last Name, the Publisher or recording label, and the Year. It is not required to provide the format. The source gives credit to a number of people in addition to the composer; take note of the description that says “performed by.” The album as a whole is written in italics, and each song or other piece of music on the album that employs quotation marks also uses quotation marks.

Recording of sound: vinyl album (Whitacre) Whitacre, Eric, composer. “Cloudburst.” LP recording of “The Music of Eric Whitacre,” including performances by the Rutgers Wind Ensemble, the Brigham Young University Singers, and the University of Miami Chorale; released by Mark Custom in 1997.

Sound recording featuring the performer Ma, Yo-Yo. Ma is the performer. “Elegy for cello and orchestra.” [Music notation] The music of John Williams, created by John Williams and released on CD by Sony Music Entertainment in 2002, is performed by Yo-Yo Ma. In the event that a performer is being recognized, the performer’s name and role should be included at the beginning of the citation, and “composed by” should be noted after the title.

SOUND RECORDING: (Online) BASICS (Composer’s last name) Composer/last Performer’s name, composer’s first name “Piece Title,” the name of the album, the performer’s first and last names (if known), the publisher or recording label, and the year. Date of access that is optional.

How do you cite a musical score in APA?

Republished musical score taken from an anthology or complete works publication by Scarlatti, A. (1991). Le violette, An authorized edition based on reliable sources, 26 Italian songs and arias are presented in this book edited by J.G. Paton (Medium High Voice ed., pp.50–55).

  • The Alfred Company (Original work published 1694) Parenthetical citation: (Scarlatti, 1694/1991) Narrative citation: Scarlatti (1694/1991) In the author section of the citation, include the name of the composer.
  • If the title is in a language that is not the same as the language of your paper, you should provide the translation of the title into your paper’s language inside of square brackets.

For instance, since the paper is written in English but the title of the song is in Italian, the Italian title is shown in italics while the English translation is presented in square brackets. Include the category of the score between square brackets (e.g., “,” “,” “,” “”).

The structure of a score that is included in an anthology or complete works edition is comparable to that of a chapter in a book that has been edited. Italicize the title of the anthology or complete works edition, and then provide the names of any editors who were involved. Include any additional information about the edition in the parenthesis that follow the title.

For printed scores, the page range of the score should be included in parentheses with any edition information, with the two pieces of information being separated by a comma. When referencing an earlier score that has been reprinted, make sure to include the year that it was first made available to the public in the “primary date” section of the citation. This guideline has not previously been included in previous editions. October 2020 is the most recent update. Date of creation: February of the year 2020

How do you cite a musical score with an arranger?

Published music scores, with an example of instrumental music (MLA 5.7.5) – The citation format for musical scores is the same as that for books. Name of the Composer’s Surname, followed by the Composer’s First Name. The name of the piece. The title, the name of the arranger who worked on it, the name of the editor who worked on it, the publisher, the publication date, and the location are all included.

  1. Handel, G.F.
  2. Trio Sonata No.1,
  3. Himie Voxman and Richard Hervig are responsible for the arrangement, and it was written for two alto saxophones.1733.1989 publication of Southern Music in San Antonio, Texas. Print.
  4. Augusta, and Thomas Read.
  5. Incantation: For Solo Viola,G.
  6. Schirmer, 2006.
  7. String Quartet in B-flat Major, Op.18 No.6, composed by Ludwig van Beethoven and published in 1937 in the Universal Edition, edited by E.F.
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Kalmus. IMSLP, specifically the page located at Schubert, Franz. “Gefrorne Traanen.” Winterreise, Op.89 (High Voice), by Franz Schubert, Urtext of the New Schubert Edition, edited by Walther Durr, Barenreiter, 2009, pp.8–9.

How do you cite a music score in Chicago?

The act of citing a particular piece from inside a score is analogous to citing a chapter from within a book, or the “named section of a book.” The name of the composer is listed first, followed by the part, followed by the word “In,” and then the title of the book or score (Chicago 14.106).

Do you need to cite music?

Information that are not required to be included in an MLA citation for a song since the MLA citation style is flexible Certain details are not required to be included in an MLA citation for a song but can be added when applicable. For instance, if your debate is centered on the body of work created by a certain musician, you may include that musician in the author position rather than the major artist position, along with a description of the role that they played.

MLA format Musician last name, First name, role, ” Song Title,” Album Name, by Main artist first name Last name, Distributor, Year, Format,
MLA Works Cited entry Fripp, Robert, guitarist. “St. Elmo’s Fire.” Another Green World, by Brian Eno. Island Records, 1975.
MLA in-text citation (Fripp 1:21–45)

It is possible that it is more pertinent to cite the composer rather than the performer in the author position, particularly when dealing with classical music. After the title, you will be able to name the specific performer(s) and/or conductor (if applicable). You may choose to leave out this information completely if the specific performance in question is not significant.

MLA format Composer last name, First name, Piece/Collection Title, Performance by Performer(s), conducted by Conductor, Distributor, Year,
MLA Works Cited entry Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphony No.9 in D Minor “Choral.” Performance by the Cleveland Orchestra and Chorus, conducted by Christoph von Dohnányi, Telarc, 1985.
MLA in-text citation (Beethoven)

How do you reference a song in APA 7th?

Referencing a single song or track When referring to a single song or track, the name of the songwriter should be used as the author. Following the title, you should provide the name of the group that first recorded the song. Take, for instance: A., Composer of Songs (Date).

How do you Harvard reference a music score?

Musical scores Reference: Last name and Initials of the Composer (Year) The name of the score. Notes. Publisher is the location where the book was published.

How do you cite a music Album?

A Track or an Album – There are a few different methods to reference musical works. To a large extent, this is determined by the container from which you got the music. In most cases, the name of the artist comes first in a reference. They might also be classified according to the composers or performers who created them.

  • In every other case, the information about the composer and performer should come after the title of the record.
  • Put the song names of each songs in quotation marks.
  • Italics are used for the titles of albums.
  • Please provide the name of the recording maker, and then the publishing date, in the following format: If your source does not include information such as the record label or the name of the album, you should not add that particular piece of information.

Spotify “Skin,” written by Rae Morris.2014’s Cold, released by Atlantic Records. is the address of the tune on Spotify. Online Album Beyoncé. “I hope you’re able to catch me.” Lemonade was released in 2016 by Parkwood Entertainment.

How do you cite in text MLA?

Citations in the text for printed sources for which the author is unknown – When there is no recognized author associated with a source, you should follow these recommendations and use an abbreviated title of the work in place of an author name. When citing a short piece of writing, such as an article, enclose the title in quotation marks; when citing a lengthier piece of writing, such as a play, book, television show, or whole website, it is appropriate to italicize the title and offer a page number, if one is available.

Articles should be removed from titles that are longer than a typical noun phrase in order to create a shorter, more concise noun phrase. As an illustration, the phrase “To the Lighthouse” might be simplified to “Lighthouse.” In the event that the title cannot be easily condensed into a noun phrase, the title ought to be cut after the initial sentence, phrase, or punctuation mark: It’s possible that the fact that North America has “more readily accessible meteorological data and more complete programs to monitor and analyze environmental change.” is the reason why this continent has so many “hotspots” for the effects of global warming.

(“The Repercussions of Climate Change”) Because the reader does not know who the author of the article is, an abbreviated title is used in the parenthetical citation, and the full title of the article is listed first in the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page.

This example is taken from the Chicago Manual of Style. Therefore, the author places the title between quote marks and uses this phrase as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation. This is done so that the reader may navigate directly to the source on the Works Cited page. The following is what should be included in the Works Cited entry: “The Impact of Global Warming in North America.” Global Warming: Early Signs was published in 1999 and may be seen online at

Retrieved on March 23rd, 2009 If the title of the work starts with a quotation mark, for example if it is a title that refers to another work, then the title that is being cited might be used instead of the full title as the shorter title. It is imperative that the single quote marks be utilized within the parenthetical rather than the double quotation marks.

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How do you cite a musical program?

Formatting a Citation for a Live Theater Performance Author/Playwright The name of the play. Name of Director; performance by Name of Major Performer; Theater Company; Date of Production; Name of Theater; City; Directed by; (if not in the theater name). Jessica Swale is a good example.

How do you cite a mp3 in Chicago?

The format that should be used to cite written music lyrics in MLA 9 is as follows: – The first name of the songwriter followed by their last name. The words to the song “Title of the Song.” The names of any other contributors, Publisher of the Album, The year the book was published.

  • The address (or URL) of the website.
  • The following is how one might reference the above example using MLA 9: Lennon, John.
  • Lyrics to “Imagine” by Ed Sheeran.
  • John Lennon gave this performance in 1971 at the Ascot Sound Studios.
  • You may get the lyrics of John Lennon’s “Imagine” on the website

The following is an example of how the preceding example would be cited inside the text: (Singer’s Last Name) (Lennon)

How do you cite a play in Chicago style?

Citing a Published Play Using Chicago Style Use the following formula to reference a published play using Chicago style: First name of Playwright, Last Name of Playwright “Start the game.” In the Name of the Publication Edited by [Insert Name of Editor Here].

City of Publication, Name of Publisher, Date of Publication The following is how the sample looks when written in the Chicago style: Miranda, Lin-Manuel. “Hamilton: An American Musical.” “An American Musical.” In the book entitled Hamilton: The Revolution. Jeremy McCarter was the editor for this piece.

(2016), Grand Central Publishing, New York

How do you cite a CD in Chicago style?

In the bibliography, please provide your last name and first initial. To the title, M. Additional information that is important. On the disc, the title, the label number, the release year, the format, and the URL. Miranda, Lin-Manuel. Are you helpless? Alongside Ms.

How do you cite CD line notes in MLA?

When mentioning the libretto, booklet, liner notes, or any other material that accompanies a sound recording, include the author’s name, the title of the material (if there is one), and a description of the material. Liner Notes (from a recording) (e.g., Libretto, Booklet, Liner notes).

  1. Then please give the necessary information for a recording of sound.
  2. The sound recording will be done on a medium referred to as “Medium” (e.g.
  3. MP3, CD, audiocassette, LP, Digital file).
  4. Author’s surname followed by first name.
  5. Title of Material” (if there is any material).
  6. A description of the constituent parts.
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The name of the recording. Other Artist (s). Name of the Publisher, Year Medium for the recording of sound. Quinton, Gordon. Woodnight Records’s Yellow Sky was released on CD in 2006 with liner notes.

How do you in text cite an album MLA?

General Format – Artist. “Title of Song,” “Title of Album,” “Record Company,” and “Date.” Name of the App app.

How do you cite program notes in MLA?

Please take note that the information in this post is relevant to material found in the MLA Handbook’s ninth edition. Refer to the MLA Handbook, which is now in its ninth version, for up-to-date recommendations. Use the example provided by the MLA format to properly reference the program for a theatrical performance.

You should begin by providing a description of the program as the title, and you should include any pertinent identifying information, such as the name of the theater where the performance was held and the location of the theater, in the description. Then, include the name of the company that published the software as well as the publishing date.

Include the following information when referencing a contribution to a program, such as an essay:

Do you italicize song titles in MLA?

The second essential component of the item in the Works Cited section is the title of the source. In most cases, the title of a piece of writing is derived from the page that is labeled “title” on the publication. Please provide the complete title exactly as it appears on the source.

The uniformity of capitalization and the punctuation of subtitles are two examples of exceptions to this norm. Capitalize all principal terms (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.). When they appear in the midst of a title, articles, prepositions, and conjunctions should not have their initial letters capitalized.

To denote the end of a subtitle, use a colon followed by a space. If the source can stand on its own, the titles of its sections should be italicized. Italicize the titles of publications such as books, plays, movies, magazines, databases, and websites.

If the source is part of a larger work, include the titles of the sections in quotation marks. It is common practice to enclose written works such as articles, essays, chapters, poetry, websites, songs, and speeches with quote marks. There are instances in which titles will include additional titles. For instance, the title of a journal article that discusses a novel, short story, play, film, or any other form of artistic expression may itself include the name of the work that the article discusses.

Use italics for the title within the title if that is how the title is often presented, which is the case most of the time. Some examples of these titles include motion pictures, novels, whole books, journals, and websites in their entirety. An example of a title for a scholarly journal article that also contains the name of a book is the following: “Unbearable Weight of Authenticity: Zora Neale Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God and Theory of ‘Touristic Reading’.” If the title is normally included in double quotation marks when it is stated, it should be enclosed in single quotation marks instead.

Poems, short tales, book chapters, and papers published in journals are some examples of titles that fall under this category. The following is an example of a title for an essay that appears in a scholarly publication and also contains the name of one of O’Connor’s short stories: “Individualism in O’Connor’s ‘A Good Man is Hard to Find’.” Edwidge Danticat’s books are mentioned here.2007’s Brother, I’m Dying, published by Knopf.

Writing Matters: A Handbook for Writing and Research, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, 2014, pages 600–10, includes the following as the title of a chapter in a book or anthology: “Avoiding Sentence Fragments.” Written by Rebecca Moore Howard. Publications such as newspapers, magazines, and journals authored by Eveline Houtman “Mind-Blowing: Fostering Self-Regulated Learning in Information Literacy Instruction,” Communications in Information Literacy, volume 9, number 1, 2015, pages 6-18.