Musical Connotation Happens When Music Is Associated With Extra-Musical Events Or Experiences?
- Richard Rodriguez
When events or experiences outside of the realm of music are linked to a piece of music, this phenomenon is known as musical connotation. In 1924, clinical trials shown that listening to music might be beneficial to patients. The connections between songs have stayed consistent throughout time.
What is a brief musical phrase associated with a person an event or idea called?
A “short, repeated melodic phrase” is what’s known as a leitmotif or leitmotiv (), and it’s typically connected to a certain person, location, or concept. It is quite similar to the notions of idée fixe and motto-theme, both of which are used in music.
The German word “Leitmotiv” (IPA:) was anglicized and given the English spelling “leitmotif.” Leitmotiv’s original meaning was “leading motif” or “guide motif.” “the smallest structural unit possessing thematic identity,” a musical motif is defined as a “short musical idea. melodic, harmonic, or rhythmic, or all three,” a salient recurring figure, musical fragment, or succession of notes that has some special significance in or is characteristic of a composition.
In particular, such a motif should be “clearly identified so as to retain its identity if modified on subsequent appearances,” regardless of whether the modification will be in terms of rhythm, harmony, orchestration, or accompaniment. This is because the identity of the motif will be lost if it is not clearly identified.
Additionally, it is possible for it to be “mixed with other leitmotifs in order to represent a new dramatic state” or progression. Despite the fact that Richard Wagner was not the one who developed the method and did not use the term in connection with his work, it is widely known that the approach is connected with the operas of Richard Wagner, and most especially with his Der Ring des Nibelungen.
It is most commonly a brief melody, although it may also take the form of a chord progression or simply a straightforward beat. It is possible for a piece to be held together into a whole by the use of leitmotifs, which also provide the composer the ability to convey a narrative without the use of words or to add an additional layer to a narrative that is already being told.
- By extension, the term has also been utilized to refer to any type of recurrent topic (regardless of whether or not it is subject to progressive modification) in literary works, as well as (metaphorically) the life of a fictional character or a real person.
- It is also used in discussions about other types of music, such as instrumental pieces, film music, and the music used in video games.
The term “theme” is occasionally used interchangeably with “theme,” which refers to a more generic category of music.
Which culture whose mythology is filled with references to the healing power of music?
The healing power of music has been acknowledged for centuries, making it one of the first forms of alternative medicine. Flutes, lyres, and zitters were all instruments that Greek doctors employed to treat their patients. They employed vibration to help with digestion, as a treatment for mental disturbances, and to put them to sleep.
- Aristotle, who lived from 323 to 371 BCE, is credited with penning the now-famous book “De Anima,” in which he asserted that music played on a flute had the ability to stir up intense feelings and cleanse the soul.
- The ancient Egyptians used musical incantations as part of their treatment for illness.
Although they are unpredictable, the protoplasmic motions of single cells are rhythmic and may generate music. These movements were given the name Brownian movement or motion by the botanist Robert Brown (1773–1858). Brown said in one of his romantic dissertations that “motions are so melodious.” At the tail end of the 19th century, academics embarked on an organized study of the ways in which music may be used in medicine and the healing process.
Studies that reported the effects of music on physiological responses, such as cardiac output, respiratory rate, pulse rate, and blood pressure (BP), were initially recorded by Diogel (in the late 1700s) of Salpetriere Hospital in Paris. These reactions include: (the same hospital in which Princess Diana died 11 years ago).
When measuring a patient’s blood pressure and pulse rate, Diogel used drums that had a soot coating and a stylus. In order to perform his studies and document his findings, Dr. Diogel would invite live musicians into his laboratory and place them beside the bedsides of his patients.
- Remember that there was not any music that had been recorded at this time.) In 1880, he had his first article, which turned out to be a landmark scientific achievement, published.
- Diogel shown that listening to music can reduce blood pressure, enhance cardiac output, decrease pulse rate, and in general aid the parasympathetic nervous system in its function.
Corning of America, which was founded in 1880, and Tarchanoff (1846–1908) of Russia both produced their own versions of this work later on. Tarchanoff was a professor of medicine at the University of Moscow. He frequently asked his colleague, Dr. Alexander Borodin (1833–1887), who was also a musician and composer in addition to being a professor of medicine and chemistry, to play music for Tarchanoff’s patients while he recorded the effect of music on the patients’ vital functions.
When applied to music the term dynamics refers to changes in?
To be more precise, dynamics refers to the fluctuations in LOUDNESS that occur within a musical piece or within individual NOTES. Compare: DYNAMIC RANGE, VOLUME, In order from softest to loudest, the following are the dynamic markers that are most frequently used:
|pp||pianissimo (very soft)|
|mp||mezzo-piano (medium soft)|
|mf||mezzo-forte (medium loud)|
|ff||fortissimo (very loud)|
These phrases do not have fixed meanings; rather, their significance depends on how they are used in relation to one another and the context of the music. The following indicators point to changes in the dynamic levels: cresc. crescendo (increasing loudness) decresc.
What happens when a harpsichordist depresses a key?
The Harpsichord, also Known as
- Plucking a string on a harpsichord is accomplished by depressing a key on the instrument.
- Inharmonicities brought on by string stiffness are far less prevalent in the harpsichord than they are on the piano. This is owing to the fact that the strings of the harpsichord have a much lower tension and a much smaller diameter.
- Over the course of the harpsichord’s range, it is normal for there to be timbre differences as a result of altering pluck points and string diameters.
What is the word for a specific melody that represents a character or idea?
Leitmotiv. What do you call a certain tune that embodies an abstract concept or personality? A. leitmotiv.
What leitmotif means?
The term derives from the German terms leit and Motif, which may be translated as “leading” and “motive,” respectively. A leitmotif is a recurrent melody that follows the recurrence of a concept, person, or situation in opera. This melody can be played whenever the idea, person, or circumstance reappears.
Is musical connotation reinforced by the use of certain instruments?
The utilization of particular instruments lends more weight to the musical concept. The only things that music can do to us are alter our moods and ideas. When events or experiences outside of music are linked to a piece of music, this phenomenon is known as musical connotation.
Where did sound healing originate?
History of Sound Therapy Sound therapy is a form of alternative medicine that dates back thousands of years and has its roots in the Tibetan and Himalayan civilizations. Tibetan singing bowls are metal bowls that were traditionally used in religious and therapeutic rites led by monks in Nepal and Tibet.
Sound healers make use of these bowls in their work.2 In recent years, this type of bowl has seen a rise in popularity in Western cultures. This might be due to the fact that contemporary scientific research has confirmed the traditional health advantages of bowls of this type. Only a small percentage of those that are still in use and for sale today are considered to be ancient relics or even originate in Tibet.3 When pounded or stroked with a wooden mallet, the singing bowls emit a sound that is described as having vibrations.2 In the middle of the 20th century, the English osteopath Sir Peter Guy Manners was the first person to introduce the concept of sound healing as a scientific and medical practice in the Western world.
In the 1960s, the focus of his study was on the use of audible voice frequency to a variety of therapy modalities. He was convinced that the human body’s innate capacity for healing was activated via the use of his sound healing techniques. He applied these techniques in the treatment of chronic inflammation, arthritis, and bone calcification, as well as in his research.
- Over 600 different healing frequencies were identified by Manners, and they were correlated to the appropriate bodily areas.4 Fabien Maman was a pioneer in the field of sound therapy and came to prominence in the latter half of the 20th century.
- He was trained in acupuncture, composition, and bioenergetic research in addition to being a French musician.
As a musician and composer, he was known for his work in huge concert halls like Carnegie Hall, where he gave performances of his compositions. In 1977, he began to study acupuncture and utilized his prior experience as a musician to apply concepts of music and sound to his new area of study.
He pioneered the application of tuning forks in sound treatment, which afterwards bore his name. The use of tuning forks in sound healing is becoming increasingly prevalent because of its ability to transfer vibrations to the body, DNA cells, and the magnetic field.4 The UK Sound Healers Association was established in 1996 by Simon Heather, who was working as an acupuncturist in the United Kingdom at the time.
This organization’s mission is to advance the field of sound therapy in the United Kingdom, and they were instrumental in the establishment of the College of Sound Healing in 2005. Two years after the association was established, Heather began educating healers and therapists how to be sound healing practitioners.
Is music used for healing?
According to Mirgain, “music therapy is a well-established kind of treatment that may assist individuals in meeting their physical, emotional, cognitive, and social requirements.” The listener’s heart rate, blood pressure, and cortisol levels all drop as they listen to music. It calms anxious feelings and has the potential to assist enhance mood.
Which musical element refers to the layers of music?
A Constituent Part of Music: Texture Additionally, texture may refer to the different levels of sound that are present in a piece of music; these layers are termed according to the function that they serve within the piece of music.
What is the term for a song in which the music is repeated for each stanza of the poem?
Strophic form, also known as verse-repeating form, chorus form, AAA song form, or one-part song form, is a structure for a song in which all of the verses or stanzas of the text are sung to the same music. Other names for this structure include verse-repeating form, chorus form, or one-part song form.
Which keyboard instrument has strings that are plucked instead of struck when the keys are pressed?
Plucking the strings rather of striking them with a hammer is the method of playing the harpsichord, which is a type of keyboard instrument (which is the mechanism for the piano, a more recent development). The characteristic tone of the harpsichord is clearly associated with the time period known as the baroque.
Around the year 1400 is when the first mentions to such instruments were made. The earliest harpsichords still in existence date back to the 1500s, when the instrument’s intricate mechanism was already nearing completion of its development. The harpsichord saw a meteoric rise in popularity over the entirety of Europe.
Italy, Flanders, France, Germany, and England all emerged as significant centers of industry during this time period. The keyboards, foot pedals, and hand stops on each of the instruments may be arranged uniquely from one another, giving rise to a wide range of possible variations between the instruments.
- Cases that were used to house the mechanics were frequently great pieces of art in their own right.
- These cases typically included inlays, paintings, and other forms of artistic surface ornamentation.
- The harpsichord’s strings, when plucked, provide a sound that is both rich and clear, qualities that are essential to the development of the intricate contrapuntal melodies characteristic of baroque music.
Nearly every composer of the baroque period created pieces for the harpsichord, either as a solo instrument or as a continuo instrument. Up until the 18th century, there was a consistent demand for harpsichords. However, beginning in that century, they were gradually phased out in favor of the fortepiano and, later, the contemporary piano.
How is the harpsichords sound produced?
The sound of the wing-shaped harpsichord and its smaller counterparts, the spinet and the virginal, which might be rectangular, triangular, or polygonal in form, is generated by plucking the strings of the instruments. The mechanism for plucking the string, known as a jack, is supported by the key and is comprised of a thin strip of wood with two slots carved into the top of it.
What does a sharp or flat do to a pitch quizlet?
Any note can have its pitch raised by a half step with the addition of a sharp. Flat is the name given to the pitch that is produced when a black key that is next to a white key generates a pitch that is a half step lower than the original pitch. Any note can have its pitch lowered by a half step if it is played with a flat.
What is a musical phrase called?
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We beg you, in all modesty, to refrain from scrolling away from this page. If you are one of our very few donors, please accept our sincere gratitude. A phrase is a unit of musical meter that has a complete musical meaning of its own. It is constructed from figures, motifs, and cells, and its components combine to produce melodies, periods, and bigger parts.
In music theory, the term “phrase” comes from the Greek word “phrase.” A major musical notion is referred to as a phrase, and the musical punctuation that comes at the end of a phrase is termed a cadence. The interplay of a melody, harmony, and rhythm in a piece of music will result in the creation of phrases.
Some terms, such as sentence and verse, originally derived from language grammar have made their way into the lexicon of music. Although the comparison between the musical phrase and the linguistic phrase is frequently made, the term “is one of the most ambiguous in music.” There is no consistency in applying these terms, nor can there be.
The terms can only be used with some consistency when applied to melodies of a very simple type, especially those of some dances.  ] _9-0 “John D. White describes a phrase as “the smallest musical unit that expresses a more or less full musical notion.”  ] -9″ The duration of phrases can vary, and each phrase comes to an end at a moment of full or partial rest that is referred to as a cadence.” Edward Cone examines the “average musical phrase” and determines that it consists of a “initial downbeat,” a “period of motion,” and a “moment of arrival characterized by a cadential downbeat.” According to Charles Burkhart, the definition of a phrase is “Any group of measurements (even a group of one or maybe even a fraction of one) that possesses some degree of structural completeness is considered to be a complete group.
It is not the notation written on the sheet that is important, but rather the sense of completion that can be heard in the pitches. A group of this sort has to have some form of conclusion in order to be considered finished. Phrases are distinguished by the tonal functions of pitch.
Which is the term used for small phrases in music?
The method by which a musician shapes a sequence of notes in a passage of music to allow expression is known as musical phrasing. This is analogous to how, when speaking English, a phrase may be written identically but may be spoken differently; musical phrasing is named for the interpretation of small units of time known as phrases (half of a period).
What is melodic phrase?
The several meanings of the term “melodic phrase” A series of notes that are played in a certain order to create a musical motif. synonyms: air, line, melodic line, melody, strain, tune see more see less types: elucidate the 17 distinct kinds fanfare, flourish, and tucket are among of the 17 kinds that can be hidden (music) a snappy and energetic piece performed on brass instruments glissando: a quick succession of ascending or falling notes on the musical scale roulade (music) a complex musical run consisting of numerous notes that is sung to one syllable.
- Leitmotif, leitmotiv a musical passage that heralds the return of a character or event (often heard in Wagner’s operas) The phrase “theme song” refers to a musical play or movie’s trademark tune, which is played repeatedly throughout the production.
- Signature tune, melodic refrain a tune that is played to identify a singer, a dance band, or a concept for a radio or television program; thematic motifs, melodic themes, and musical themes (music) melodic theme of a musical composition part, voice the melody delivered by a specific voice or instrument in polyphonic music melodic subject of a musical composition slip, swoop (music) quick movement up or down the scale of the musical instrument theme, impetus, impetus a musical topic that is developed further or expanded upon throughout the composition statement (music) variation a recurrence of a musical subject that includes modifications or embellishments primo the primary portion of a duet (particularly a piano duet) secondo the second or lower half of a duet (especially a piano duet) a musical part (vocal or instrumental) that provides support or backdrop for other musical parts and may also be referred to as an accompaniment, backup, musical accompaniment, or support.
voice part a part created for a vocalist accompaniment, backup, musical accompaniment, or support. bass, bass section the note that is played the fewest times in polyphonic music. music is defined as an artistic form of aural communication that may involve instrumental or vocal tones and is performed in a manner that is both organized and continuous.